Artificial Spine Lumbar Disc Replacement
One of the most advanced surgical procedures is artificial spine lumbar disc replacement. In this procedure, an artificial disk replaces the damaged or deteriorated disk in the lower part of the spine. It is made up of metal or a combination of metal and plastic.
The spine or reverse surgery referred to here is an artificial disc replacement. Compared to other procedures like spinal fusion, it can relieve back pain and allow additional movement. The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae. In the middle of these bones are discs that allow them to rotate and move without touching individually. The lumbar vertebrae and discs are located at the lowest part of the spine. Degeneration of bones is often due to old age, gender, uncontrolled weight gain, too much use due to high impact in sports, or difficult activities that decrease the flexibility of the spinal site.
Indications for Artificial Spine Lumbar Disc Replacement
Not every patient who is suffering from back pain is a suitable candidate for lumbar disc replacement. Tests will be done to determine your eligibility. Apart from that, lumbar disc replacement is suggested in some cases if:
- Discs in your lower spine are the main cause of your back pain.
- You are not excessively overweight.
- You are not having a severe case of facet joint disease or bone compression on the spinal nerves.
- No surgery has been performed on your lumbar spine.
- No deformity is found in the spine.
Diagnosis and Tests
- Physical examination of the spine
- CT Scan
- Blood tests
- Your orthopedic surgeon will take physical tests of your spine.
- Diagnostic tests will be required of you.
- Inform your doctor of all your medical history along with the current medications and allergies
- Your doctor will consider if you are a suitable person for surgery. So in this case, the surgical procedure and the right disc are suitable for you.
- It may be necessary for you to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners or herbal supplements.
- The healing process is slowed down if you smoke, so we ask you to stop smoking.
- You should reduce your weight if you have extra weight.
- Ensure you eat a healthy balanced diet.
- You will be asked to fast for 8 – 12 hours before surgery.
- Medications should be taken with small sips of water before surgery.
- You will be given general anesthesia, so you will not experience any pain during the surgery.
- Generally, the surgery takes two to three hours.
- A catheter may be placed in your bladder to urinate easily.
- The orthopedic surgeon and vascular surgeon both work together as a team.
- The surgeon will make an abdominal incision.
- To access the spine without moving your nerves, your organs and blood vessels are moved to the side.
- The surgeon will remove the problematic disc and replace it with an artificial one.
- Your organs are returned to their original positions and the cut is closed.
- You are required to remain in the hospital for around 2 – 3 days or longer. It depends on your improvement.
- Pain medication is given as per your requirement.
- You will be taken off the IV drip and catheter within a few days.
- After surgery, you will be asked to stand and walk.
- This surgery does not require bone to heal, so overall recovery will be fast.
- A physical therapist will observe your body’s movement and its exercise for faster improvement and recovery.
- It is imperative to keep away from anything that causes your back to overstretch.
- Lumbar replacement covers flexibility and lower back pain, but it does not eliminate pain. You may talk to your surgeon about the outcome.
- You will be expected to follow up regularly.
Risks and Complications
Any kind of surgery comes with some risks and complications. Lumbar disc replacement is not without risk. There may be a number of complications, including:
- Infection of the artificial disc or the region surrounding it.
- Dislocation of the disc.
- Loosening or wearing out of the implant.
- Fracturing or failure of the implant.
- Stiffness or rigidity of the spine.
- A badly positioned implant causes problems.
- Narrowing of the spine.
- Blood clots.
Factors affecting the cost of an Artificial Spine Lumbar Disc Replacement
The cost of the surgery depends on several factors, including:
- Location of the hospital
- Choice of hospital
- Cost of diagnostic tests
- Surgeon’s fee
- Medical treatment
- Duration of hospital stay