Diagnosis for Coronary Angioplasty
- Used to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins, usually to treat arterial atherosclerosis.
- In severe cases of angina (chest pain), a coronary angioplasty may be required to restore the blood supply to the heart.
- Sometimes performed as an emergency procedure to minimize damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack.
- The physician will review your medical history, trying to understand your past and present medical and surgical condition.
- Routine blood tests and ECGs were performed.
- Inform the doctor about the medication you are taking and stop or adjust the medication as directed by a physician.
- Inform if you are allergic.
- If you have a history of bleeding problems.
- Angioplasty is performed using local anesthetic and the procedure can take 30 min to 3 hours.
- You are made to lie down on your back to monitor your blood pressure and heart rate during the procedure.
- Usually, the catheter is inserted through the artery in the groin, arm or wrist, local anesthesia is given and a skin incision is made, and a hollow needle is inserted into the artery.
- Following this, the catheter is inserted and manipulated through the bloodstream to the blocked artery while being monitored through the X-ray imaging device.
- As the tip of the catheter reaches the blocked vessel, the deflated balloon is inflated. With inflation, the plaque is flattened, opening up blood vessels, and soon after the balloon is deflated and removed.
- After angioplasty, there is a risk that the artery may become narrow or blocked at the same site. Therefore, the doctors use a stent to keep the blood vessel open. If the stent is being used a newly designed catheter with a balloon-inflated stent is inserted.
- The stent will enlarge when the balloon is increased and remain in place when the balloon is decreased and eliminated. The stent is permanently implanted in the blood vessel.
- The catheter is removed and pressure is applied to the puncture site for 10-15 minutes to ensure no bleeding occurs from the artery.
- A bandage must be applied heavily, and you must lie back in bed for 6 – 8 hours.
- In the recovery room, the patient’s bleeding from chest pain is examined.
- It is essential to keep the dressing clean and dry to prevent infection.
- Doctors will observe the signs of infection – swelling, redness, and discharges from time to time.
- Avoid lifting anything heavy for 3 to 5 days.
- Patients can return to their daily activities after a week.
Risks of Coronary Angioplasty
Its generally considered to be a safe procedure, but the risk of serious complications from a coronary angioplasty is generally rare and can include:
- The artery where the catheter was inserted was injured and bled.
- Excessive bleeding.
- Heart attack.
Helpful: Who Needs Coronary Angioplasty?
Factors Affecting Cost Of Coronary Angioplasty
The cost of the treatment depends on the patient and different factors which include:
- The hospital, the patient chooses.
- Room – Quality single room, luxurious room, super luxurious room for the number of nights identified (It includes a nursing fee, meals, room cost, and room service).
- The team of doctors charges a fee.
- Medicines and cost of the stent if used.
- Standard test and diagnostic procedures.
- The cost of protection and care is needed during and after surgery.