Transplants can be performed as an outpatient in one day.
A shampoo and antibacterial agent are applied to the donor’s scalp before it is harvested.
Donor hair grafts can be removed by different techniques either by taking a single strip of skin and hair (FUSS) or taking the follicles individually (FUE). To maintain this possibility, the hair follicle must be removed completely.
After removal, the surgeon prepares the graft, cleans and freezes the recipient area, and places each graft.
The grafts are applied according to their density. The smallest grafts are placed in front, and the denser ones are behind.
Depending on the size of the transplant the process will take 4 – 8 hours.
Depending on the number of grafts, it may take one or more sessions.
The scalp may be tender.
You may have to wear bandages over your scalp.
Initially, the scalp was advised to be protected from the sun.
Post-operative antibiotics are commonly given to prevent wound or graft infections.
Shampooing is critical to prevent scab formation around the hair shaft which increases the chances of losing the transplanted hair follicle.
Similarly, in the natural hair cycle, within 2 – 3 weeks the transplanted hair will fall down but after a few weeks, new hair will start to grow from the transplanted follicles. This hair will remain thick and grow normally for about 6 – 9 months.
Tests for Hair loss
Consult a dermatologist, as male and female system hair loss does not require testing. Some tests that help to assess diffuse hair loss are:
The pull test – Hair pulled from three different sites of the scalp, usually less than 3 hairs per area, if more than ten, then the test is positive.
The pluck test – During this procedure, hair with roots is removed and examined. It depends on the stage of the patient’s hair loss.
Scalp biopsy – It helps in the transformation between scarring and other forms.
Trichoscopy – With the aid of a dermoscopy, the hair and scalp can be examined.
Diagnosis for Hair Transplantation
It is an optional treatment where there is no possibility of regrowth of hair, in some cases like:
Receding frontal hairline.
Complications of Hair Transplantation
Hair transplantation is a very effective procedure with no side effects but like every surgery, it has some risks associated with this surgery. It includes:
Scarring after FUSS transplantation.
Unnatural-looking new hair growth.
Some may have swelling of hair follicles known as Folliculitis.
Factors Affecting Cost of Hair Transplantation Surgery
The cost of treatment depends on the patient and several factors. It includes:
The hospital the patient chooses.
The cost of hair transplantation is based on the number of grafts and the kind of procedure chosen. The FUE procedure is more expensive.
There is a fee for the team of doctors.
Standard tests and diagnostic procedures.
Cost of protection and care during and after surgery.