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Mitral Valve Replacement Mitral Valve Replacement

Mitral Valve Replacement

  • Starting Price: $6,500.00
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About “Mitral Valve Replacement”

Mitral Valve Replacement

Mitral valve replacement is a cardiac surgical procedure performed to replace a mitral valve not functioning properly. Mitral valve is located between left heart chambers i.e left atrium and left ventricle. The valve replacement is an open-heart surgery, in few cases a minimally invasive surgery or a catheter procedure may be possible.

Indications for Mitral Valve Replacement

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis– When a mitral valve does not open fully and restricts blood flow, may be due to an infection (infectious endocarditis).
  • Mitral Valve Regurgitation – When a mitral valve does not close properly and allows blood to leak back into the left atria.
  • severe mitral valve prolapse

Recommended: Mitral Valve Replacement Doctors In India

Signs and Symptoms

May be asymptomatic for many years. Signs and symptoms of mitral valve disease may include:

  • Heart murmur on auscultation
  • Easy fatigue
  • Breathlessness
  • Swelling in ankles and feet
  • Irregular heartbeat

Tests and Diagnosis

  • Physical Examination– on auscultation physician will hear a heart murmur.
  • Echocardiography- An echocardiogram helps your doctor understand the mitral valve and how well it’s working.
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG can detect enlarged chambers of heart, heart disease and abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Stress Tests

You may be interested in: Mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement

Procedure

Open surgery

Before Procedure

  • Standard blood tests are performed to check fitness for surgery.
  • Patient counselled about the procedure and after care.

During Procedure

  • Procedure performed under general anaesthesia.
  • IV line inserted, breathing tube is inserted.
  • Incision made in middle of chest, surgeon separates sternum to expose pericardium, then opens pericardium to expose heart.
  • Connects heart to heart lung machine, tubes are used to reroute the blood into machine which takes over the function of heart and lung during the operation.
  • Heart is temporarily stopped and blood removed, valve is still and allows surgeon to see it.
  • Surgeon makes incision around edge of damaged valve and replaces it.

After Procedure

  • After valve replacement, patient usually need to stay in hospital for about a week.
  • You will be kept in intensive care unit (ICU) for initial days.
  • The activity of your heart, lungs and bodily functions will be closely monitored, ventilator will be placed until you are able to breathe.
  • Draining tube – small tubes from your chest to drain away any build-up of blood or fluid.
  • Pacing wires – if necessary, these will be inserted near the chest drains to control your heart rate.
  • Adviced to follow a cardiac rehabilitation programme.
  • Avoid strenuous exercise, sudden strains and heavy lifting for three months.
  • You will be able to perform usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks.
  • Report to the physician if any warning signs of infection.
  • Consult your doctor regularly to check for efficiency of heart valve.
  • If you have a mechanical heart valve, necessary to take anticoagulant medicine to help prevent clots.

Helpful: Structure of Mitral valve

 Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery

In endoscopic surgery, your surgeon makes 1 to 4 small holes in your chest. Surgery is done through the cuts using a camera and special surgical tools.

Robotically-Assisted Valve Surgery

 The surgeon makes 2 to 4 tiny cuts in your chest, the surgeon uses a special computer to control robotic arms during the surgery.

Complications of Valve Surgery

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Risk of infections
  • Blood clotting
  • Infection around the artificial valve
  • Stroke
  • Irregular heartbeat or arrythmia
  • Failure of the new valve
  • Pulmonary oedema, pulmonary thromboembolism
  • Renal failure

Factors Affecting Cost Of Mitral Valve Replacement

  • The cost to the patient depends on a variety of factors like
  • The hospital, the patient chooses
  • Type of Room
  • Fee for the team of doctors and OT charges
  • cost of medications
  • Standard test and diagnostic
  • cost of the valve
  • Cost of the follow –up care required after the procedure

 

Offered Services

Heart Surgery

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