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Oral Cancer Surgery

  • Starting Price: $3,200.00
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No. of Travellers - 2 | Days in Hospital - 5 | Days Outside Hospital - 14 | Total days in India - 19

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About “Oral Cancer Surgery”

Types of Oral  Cancer

Classified according to the cell type the cancer starts in :

Squamous cell carcinoma – most common accounting for 90 percent of the oral cancer cases

Less commonly – Adenocarcinomas, lymphomas, sarcomas, melanomas

Click here to know more about Oral cancer

Risk Factors for Oral Cancer

  • Lifestyle – People consuming large quantities of tobacco, alcohol, smoking

  • Diet, Obesity, Age –risk increases with age

  • Genetic – Family history of oral or any type of cancer

  • HPV infection –presence of  human papilloma virus increases the chances of oral cancer

  • Chronic sun exposure / radiation exposure /occupational hazard

  • Gender- most commonly seen in men ,twice more than women

  • Immune system suppression –patients  taking medication to suppress the immune system may have increased  risk of oral cancer .

Signs and Symptoms of Oral Cancer

  • Non healing ulcer in the oral cavity

  • White or red patches in oral cavity

  • Weight loss

  • Numbness

  • Bleeding mouth sores

  • Difficulty chewing /swallowing

  • Ear pain

  • Difficulty in movement of jaw, change in fitting of denture

  • Hoarseness of voice

Diagnosis of Oral Cancer

  • Early detection of oral cancer is usually possible, tissue changes can be seen and felt easily .

  • Personal History of habitual tobacco usage,  alcohol  usually noticed

  • Medical Examination – clinical examination of  oral and extra oral and perioral tissues. Leukoplakia and erythroplakia are two lesions which could be the precursor of oral cancer, any red (erythroplakia ) or white (leukoplakia) lesion that last for more than 2 weeks should be evaluated . Mostly erythroplakia are more serious with increased incidence of being cancerous .

  • Biopsy performed to rule out malignancy .

  • Imaging studies like – Xrays, CT, MRI, PET scans help to stage the oral cancer

Click here to know more about diagnosis of mouth cancer

Staging of Oral Cancer

If diagnosed with biopsy as malignant , next step is imaging studies for staging of cancer. Staging helps in treatment planning, if wrong staging then wrong treatment option selection

Staging is based on three key components (TNM system of staging )

  • Tumor (T)- is the size of the tumor

  • Node (N )-whether the cancer is present in the lymph nodes

  • Metastasis (M)- whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body

  • A number 0-4 is assigned ,higher the number greater the severity of disease

You may be interested in: Best Oncology Hospitals in India

Treatment of Oral Cancer

The treatment modality of oral cancer depends on its staging as well as age and health of patient

Depending on the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed, treatment is planned , if wrong staging then wrong options .

Surgery , Radiation , Chemotherapy may be used alone or in combination for best possible results .

  • Surgery-

  • Surgical removal of tumor- involves removal of cancerous tissue alongside  small surrounding healthy tissue . Surgery is usually performed when the tumor is small , for large tumors surgery and radiation plus chemotherapy is the treatment of choice .

  • Cosmetic reconstructive surgery –is performed to help patient cope up with cosmetic disfigurement  and difficulty in chewing , swallowing here the surgeons transplant grafts of skin ,muscle or bone.

Radiation therapy – wherein high energy X-rays are utilized to destroy the cancerous tissue . Radiation therapy may be sufficient to treat in early stage of oral cancer . It involves

  • External beam radiation
  • Brachytherapy
  • After radiation effects :
    • Mouth sores
    • Bleeding gums
    • Jaw stiffness
    • Dry mouth
  • Chemotherapy –  strong medications are given to kill the cancer cells. After effects of  chemotherapy depend on the type and amount of drug received and end soon after the treatment is over. Some of the after effects of chemotherapy :

    • Fatigue,

    • Nausea, vomiting

    • Hairloss

    • Weak immune system

Recommended: Cost of Chemotherapy

Factors Affecting Cost of Oral Cancer Surgery

The cost to the patient depends on a variety of factors like

  • The hospital, the patient chooses.
  • Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
  • Fee for the team of doctors.
  • Medicines.
  • Standard tests and diagnostic procedures.
  • Type of surgery performed
  •  cost of Radiation/ Chemotherapy
  • Cost of the follow –up care required after the procedure

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Cancer Treatment

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