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Scoliosis Surgery

  • Starting Price: $5,000.00
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No. of Travellers - 2 | Days in Hospital - 4 | Days Outside Hospital - 8 | Total days in India - 12

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About “Scoliosis Surgery”

Scoliosis Surgery

Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is mainly diagnosed in childhood or before adolescence. The spine’s normal curve takes place in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar areas which is also called the “sagittal” plane. Scoliosis is referred to as spinal curvature in the coronal plane. A coronal plane is a perpendicular plane from head to foot and is similar to the shoulders. It divides the body into anterior and posterior sections. The sagittal plane divides the body into right and left parts. The axial plane is similar to the plane of the base and right to the coronal and sagittal planes. This surgery aims to strengthen your child’s spine and place his or her shoulders and hips in a position that will improve your child’s back problems.

Know more about Scoliosis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms & Surgery in India

Typical Conditions for Surgery

  • The spinal curve is almost 45 degrees after full growth.
  • A Scoliosis curve is an almost 45-degree curve on the skeleton that keeps rotating with age. In advanced adulthood, the spine may curve more by 1 to 2 degrees each year, which may lead to severe abnormalities, making treatment more challenging.
  • The spinal curve is almost 40 degrees after rejuvenation.
  • If the curvature of the spine had come to near 40 degrees after rejuvenation in a developing adolescent. Surgery would be suggested to confirm more effective results and minimize the time required for rejuvenation.
  • The spinal curve hampers everyday activities.
  • There is serious back pain caused by scoliosis or breathing problems.

Helpful: What causes Scoliosis?

Diagnosis

  • X-rays and blood tests are done.
  • Estimation by the anesthesiologist as this surgery is performed under general anesthesia.

Technique used for Surgery

In spine surgery, a different technique is used to treat scoliosis. These techniques depend on the age of the patients, the area of the spinal curve, spinal maturity, and the stage of the spinal curve. The clinical examination of the surgeon and the selection of the patient and parent in cases where the patient is a child also influence the technique approved.

Techniques can differ depending on the type of medical transplant used. They can also differ according to the surgery that is performed either from the front called the anterior approach or from the back called the posterior approach.

Procedure

During surgery

  • Spinal fusion for Scoliosis is performed in different methods. Though many techniques include the use of screws and hooks. The bones connecting the long rods are attached to these.
  • After this, the injured parts of the spine are realigned with the support of rods. To reduce the lateral twist, parts are relocated to place the spine accurately.
  • Afterward, bone implants are implanted in the sections where fusion is needed. These bones may be a part of the patient or may be taken from a donor.
  • The fusion of bones occurs within 3 to 6 months and lasts around 12 months. The rods support the spine until complete fusion is done and the new bones are capable of supporting the spine. Rods are not eliminated after another surgery. In some cases, rods may cause discomfort to the soft tissues that are present throughout them and may need to be removed.

After surgery

  • Recovery from surgery can take some months.
  • Generally, it takes between three to seven days to remain in the hospital.
  • Though it is a painful procedure, an epidural catheter may be entered to manage pain
  • In the back of the patient. This catheter is removed after three days.
  • The patient’s flexibility is limited and a catheter is attached to the urinary bladder which can be eliminated on the third day after surgery.
  • The patient remains under the observation of a physiotherapist who assists the patient to reach the goal of flexibility and motion.
  • Before release, an X-ray is taken to check the health of the spinal cord. There are signs of complications. Check out the procedures that are taken to rehabilitate the welfare of the patient.

Post Operative Care at Home

  • It takes some months for the patient to regain motion and daily activities. The patient must undergo regular X-rays and check-ups to ensure a speedy recovery.
  • The activities of the patient are restricted. For the first six months, only normal daily activities are permitted.
  • Within two months, the patient can start to swim
  • In 8 – 10 months after surgery, the patient can resume exercises like bicycling.
  • After 10 – 12 months, patients can start running, jumping, and participating in sports activities.
  • Afterward, the progress of the patient should be checked with an X-ray and the patient can resume daily activities. There is no need for restrictions on patients.

Risks of Scoliosis Spine Surgery

  • Paraplegia or reduction of motion in the lower parts of the body – Though it is a very fatal complication. At the time of surgery, tests like Somatosensory Evoked Potential (SSEP) and Motor Evoked Potential (MEP) are used to determine whether the spinal cord has settled after surgery. If any of these tests indicate a problem. As of this writing, the surgery is being evaluated and another technique is being used to restore the health of the spinal cord.
  • Severe loss of blood – Scoliosis spinal surgery is a lengthy operation. There is a lot to reveal during the surgery. The surgery includes the removal of muscles. These complicated elements can cause acute blood loss. With modern techniques, it is possible to reduce blood loss to limited levels. Also, patients may be able to receive their own donated blood, which has been given before surgery and transferred.
  • Infection
  • Discharge of Cerebral Spinal Fluid.
  • Failure of instrumentation.
  • Failure of spinal fusion.

Recommended: When to consult a doctor!

Factors Affecting Cost of Scoliosis Spine Surgery

  • Condition of the patient – If the patient’s situation is complicated, the treatment will be more complicated and will require additional services.
  • Types of Material Used – The price of the different metal implants used such as hooks, rods and screws differ and it affects the cost of surgery.
  • The fee of the surgeon – It depends on the choices of the surgeon. Each surgeon charges a different fee for the surgery.
  • Hospital Stay – Scoliosis surgery is a big operation. It requires 7 – 8 days to remain in the hospital which increases the cost of surgery.

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Spine Surgery

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