Symptoms for Detecting Knee Replacement
Knee replacement surgery is associated with the replacement of a damaged or diseased knee with an artificial knee. Age and gender are not factors to consider when someone opts for knee replacement. Usually, the main reason for a knee replacement depends on the stage of the condition. It is mainly prescribed for older people. Nevertheless, if a knee joint is damaged or lost during adolescence or adulthood, it may need knee replacement surgery.
Helpful: What is knee replacement surgery?
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This surgery is mainly advisable when:
- Acute knee pain and rigidity
- Constant pain
- Prolong redness and swelling
- Long-term knee abnormality
- Lack of unsuccessful medical treatment
Medical Test and diagnosis for Knee Replacement
Before beginning the process, a proper physical assessment along with different diagnostic tests, including blood tests, must be done.
- Medical records (such as blood disorders, blood pressure, diabetes, and pregnancy), some medications (aspirin), and drug sensitivity should be informed to your doctor before the surgery
- The patient is advised to quit smoking as much as possible before the surgical procedure.
Treatment Procedure for Knee Replacement
The essential information about surgical procedures for knee replacement is to mitigate pain caused by acute arthritis. Knee replacement surgery can be performed in two types:
- Total Knee Replacement
- Partial Knee Replacement
There are several types of knee replacement surgery, including both side of knee replacement surgery. These include complete knee replacement, single knee replacement, partial knee replacement, kneecap replacement, and complicated and revision knee replacement.
During the Knee Replacement procedure
Knee replacement surgery will take 2 – 3 hours.
- An intravenous (IV) line may be placed in your arm or hands or a urinary tubule is placed.
- The skin above the surgical area will be sanitized with an antiseptic liquid.
- A scratch is made in the knee area.
- The surgeon will remove the damaged area of the knee joint and implant the knee joint with an artificial knee.
- The artificial knee is mainly made up of 3 elements. There are three elements in the kneecap: tibial (shin bone) (to rejoin the uppermost portion of the shin bone), femoral (thigh bone) (to rejoin the bottom portion of the thigh bone) and patellar (to rejoin the base portion of the kneecap next to the thigh bone).
- The opening will be closed with stitches or surgical staples and a tube may be placed in the opening areas to remove the fluid.
- A disinfectant bandage or dressing will be applied.
After the Knee Replacement procedure
After the surgery, Patients should be kept in the recovery room for one or two hours. Patients should be kept in the hospital for 4- 6 days. In most cases, people recover less than 12 months after the surgery, but the recovery time will vary depending on the age and overall health condition of the patient. Once the surgery is done, your surgeon can utilize a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine to enhance the initial motion. It is used during the time a patient stays in the hospital and continues for 3 weeks after surgery.
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Factors Affecting Knee Replacement Surgery Cost in India
Some of the factors which affect the knee replacement cost in India:
- Hospital patients choose according to their needs.
- A quality room, a luxurious room, or a super luxurious room (including nursing fees, food, and room prices).
- Operating room, ICU.
- A fee for the doctor’s team (surgeons, anesthetists, physiotherapists, and dieticians).
There are several Medical Colleges and Hospitals in Chennai, Delhi, and Kolkata. These hospitals provide medical services in separate departments such as bone marrow transplants, aortic valve replacement for deep vein thrombosis, carpal tunnel release to treat carpal tunnel disorder, etc.
- Physiotherapy period
- Quality test and diagnostics process
- Depending on the treatment choice
- Single Knee/Both knee