What is Orthopedic Surgery?
Orthopedic surgery is the section of surgery that deals with disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The word Orthopedics comes from the two Greek words ortho meaning straight, and peds meaning child. This system contains your bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, and cartilage. Orthopedic surgeons operate in a pair of surgical and nonsurgical modes. To treat musculoskeletal trauma, infections, tumors, spine diseases, injuries, and inherited disorders. There are three different types of orthopedic surgery:
Quicker recovery surgery.
What are the most common Orthopedic Surgeries?
There are many different types of arthroscopic surgery that surgeons carry out. These surgeries mark different parts of the body. You can discuss risks, benefits, and other options with your orthopedic surgeon. Here are some of the common orthopedic procedures:
Your knee is one of the most significant joints in your body. Moving, walking, or running is supported by it. Sometimes, however, it might be damaged by some kind of injury or accident. Knee replacement surgery can involve partial or total replacement with an artificial kneecap.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Surgery
This is the part of the knee that covers the front. When you move your leg, it keeps you stable. If this bond has been removed by pulling it up. Then reconstructive surgery is needed to restore it.
Hip Replacement Surgery
This is one of the other common types of surgery. Hip cartilage degrades over time, especially if it is damaged. There are two cases of replacement surgery. In the first case, the entire joint is replaced and in the second case, only the damaged part of the joint is replaced.
Shoulder Replacement Surgery
This is also a common type of surgery. The shoulder is the main part of your body and hands. The upper part of the bone in the upper arm is removed and replaced with a metal ball. A plastic replacement is fitted to the damaged part of the shoulder.
Arthroscopy is a procedure that can be performed during knee and shoulder surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon places a small camera into the body to get a clear image of the joint that is damaged. This procedure is done so the surgeon can know the size and area of damage.
This type of surgery is used for patients who have arthritis. In this type of surgery, your cartilage is taken from a healthy part of the body and transplanted into that area where the cartilage is damaged. These procedures can be done on the spine, fingers, ankles, or feet.
The Benefit of Orthopedic Surgery:
Reduce or remove pain
Orthopedic surgery reduces or removes pain that is caused by injury or other conditions. That’s why people are looking for orthopedic surgery.
Replace Normal Joint Function
It replaces your joint which is affected by an injury or due to conditions like arthritis. In this case, a person faces difficulty moving the affected joint or a limited range of motion.
Increase your exercise and body activities
These types of surgeries provide benefits to sports persons, athletes, and physically active individuals who are injured for some reasons and conditions. They recover quickly and make sure not to affect their performance.
Receive Surgical Treatment if Necessary
Our surgical treatments are performed with advanced technology and by experienced surgeons. To ensure a quick recovery and a return to normal function as soon as possible.
The General Complications of Orthopedic Surgery:
Wound infection occurs in the patient when the patient’s skin germs find their way into the surgical wound. It can be minimized by the use of antibiotics during surgery.
This type of complication is uncommon. The condition can be caused by any operation on the limbs and can cause a partial or complete loss of skin sensation or muscle power. It may be permanent or temporary. It may take months to recover fully.
Prime Blood Vessel Injury
This type of complication is rare. It occurs when the blood vessel undergoes repair through plastic surgery. In rare cases, this can lead to gangrene and the loss of a limb.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep Vein Thrombosis is not a major complication and occurs most often after surgery. It refers to blood clots that form in the deep veins of the leg. Poor flow of blood back to the heart from these veins.
The Current State of Orthopedic Surgery in India
India is the second most populous country in the world. Its average life expectancy is 69 years. In India, the orthopedic surgeon faces a vast load of diseases like injury, infection, neoplastic, degeneration, and metabolic conditions at different stages of the disease. To improve bone health in the country, orthopedic training and healthcare services need to work together. Providing a minimum standard of orthopedic care to all is a current need.
Indian Orthopedic Association (IOA), government health agencies, medical health care, and individual healthcare providers all have a role to play in achieving the goal and making orthopedic treatment a success.
This is the part of the surgery that is primarily concerned with the musculoskeletal system. Infections, traumas, tumors, congenital disorders, injuries, and spine diseases can all be treated by surgical and nonsurgical methods. It has both advantages and disadvantages. It may involve partial or complete replacement of body parts. It depends on the patient’s needs and physical condition.
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What is the most common orthopedic surgery in India?
The most common orthopedic surgery is performed in India. It includes:
Knee Replacement Surgery
Hip Replacement Surgery
ACL Reconstruction Surgery
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