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When is Knee Replacement Surgery Recommended?

When is Knee Replacement Surgery Recommended?

  • January 13, 2023
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Knee Replacement Surgery

A common procedure, knee replacement surgery (arthroplasty) involves replacing a diseased, worn, or damaged knee with an artificial joint. Knee replacements can be performed by anyone of any age, but most are performed on people between the ages of 60 and 80. When the artificial joint is expected to require redoing within ten years, younger patients between the ages of 55 and 64 typically undergo a smaller procedure known as partial knee replacement.

Knee Replacement Surgery Recommended

When the knee joint becomes worn or damaged to the point where it restricts your mobility and causes pain even when you rest, knee replacement surgery is typically required.

Knee replacement surgery is most commonly performed because of osteoarthritis. The following conditions can also cause damage to the knee:

  • Arthritis with rheumatoid.
  • Haemophilia.
  • Gout.
  • A condition in which bones grow abnormally.
  • Death of bone in the knee joint as a result of problems with the blood supply.
  • A broken knee.
  • Deformity of the knee causes pain and cartilage loss.

When should knee replacement be considered?

Because it is major surgery, knee replacement is typically only suggested if other treatments like physiotherapy or steroid injections have not reduced pain or improved mobility.

The following may apply to you:

  • Your knee joint is experiencing severe pain, swelling, stiffness, and reduced mobility.
  • Your quality of life and ability to sleep is being compromised by your severe knee pain.
  • Things like going shopping or getting out of the bath are difficult or impossible to do on a daily basis.
  • Because of the pain and lack of mobility, you are depressed.
  • You cannot engage in social activities or work.
  • Additionally, you must be able to handle major surgery and subsequent rehabilitation.

What kinds of knee surgeries are there?

The two primary types of surgery are:

  • Total knee replacement involves replacing both sides of the knee joint.
  • Partial (or half) knee replacement involves replacing only one side of the joint in a smaller procedure with a shorter hospital stay and recovery period.

Preparing for knee replacement surgery?

Find out as much as you can about the procedure before you go to the hospital. Videos or written information should be available from your hospital.

Try to be as active as possible. Your recovery will be aided by strengthening the muscles surrounding your knee. In the weeks and months leading up to your surgery, continue to engage in gentle exercises, such as swimming and walking, if you are able to. A physiotherapist can help you with exercises and can be referred to you.

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RISKS

The majority of people who undergo knee replacement surgery experience no complications. However, as with any operation, there are both advantages and disadvantages.

Although rare, complications may include:

  • the knee’s stiffness.
  • the wound became infected.
  • the joint replacement became infected, necessitating additional surgery.
  • unexpected bleeding into the joint of the knee
  • damage to a nerve, artery, or ligament in the knee joint area.
  • DVT: deep vein thrombosis
  • knee pain that does not go away.
  • a fracture in the bone surrounding the knee replacement either before or after the procedure.

When can I expect to be out and about?

  • You will be assisted in getting up and moving around as quickly as possible by the staff. You may be able to walk on the same day as your operation if you have had keyhole surgery or are on an enhanced recovery program. After surgery, you should be able to stand on your own within 12 to 24 hours.
  • Crutches and frames are encouraged for walking. After about a week, most people are able to walk on their own with sticks.
  • A physiotherapist will teach you exercises to strengthen your knee while you are in the hospital. These can typically be started the day after surgery. To avoid complications or dislocation of your replaced joint, it is essential to follow the physiotherapist’s instructions.
  • It’s normal to feel uncomfortable at first while walking or working out, and your legs and feet may swell.

You may be interested in: Orthopedic Surgery in India: A Comprehensive Guide

FAQ’S

When can I resume work?

  • Depending on your job, you might be able to go back to work anywhere from six to twelve weeks after surgery.

Will I be required to return to the hospital?

  • Six to twelve weeks after your knee replacement, you will have an outpatient appointment to check on your progress.